Thursday, January 17, 2019
Education System in Pakistan Essay
The tuition system in Pakistan is more often than not divided into five levels- 1) Primary (Grades one to Grade 5) 2) warmheartedness (Grades sixsome to Grade 8) 3) High (Grade Nine to Grade 10) Also known as Secondary 4) arbitrate (Grade eleven to 12) Also known as higher(prenominal) Secondary 5) University (Undergraduate and Graduate degree) (14 to 16 Years of schooling) 1) Primary level of breeding The standard national system of fostering is mainly inspired from the British System. Pre-School education is designed for 3-5 eld old and usually consists of iii stages (Play Group, glasshouse and Kindergarten (KG)).After pre-school education, students go through junior school from grade 1 to 5. Only 80% of Pakistani children finish primary school education. 2) Middle train of Education After sacking grade 5 test which is conducted by the Punjab Examination Commission Lahore, students argon promoted in to Middle Level ie grade 6 to 8. At middle level single-sex educatio n is usually preferred by the community but co-education is in addition car park in urban cities of the Pakistan.Subject Taught at Middle Level of Education At middle level of education the eight commonly examined subjects ar Urdu, side, Mathematics, humanities, Science, Social Studies, Islamiyat and sometime Computer Studies. Some institutes also give counselling in foreign languages such(prenominal)(prenominal) as Turkish, Arabic, Persian, French and Chinese. The language of bid depends on the nature of the institution itself, whether it is an English medium school or an Urdu medium School. 3) High/Secondary Level of EducationAfter passing grade 8 Examination which is conducted by the Punjab Examination Commission Lahore, Students argon promoted to High/Secondary Level ie grade 9 to 10 which is also known Secondary School Certificate (SSC). Students are necessitate to pass a national examination administered by a regional Board of Intermediate & Secondary Education (BISE ). Upon successful apogee of these two examination, they are awarded a SSC Certificate. This locally known as matriculation. Subject Taught at Secondary Level of EducationThe curriculum usually includes a combination of eight courses including elective subject such as (Biology, Chemistry, Physics and Computer) as wholesome as compulsory subject such as (Mathematics, English, Urdu, Islamiyat and Pakistan Studies). 4) Intermediate/Higher Secondary Level of Education The students are promoted to grade 11 after passing of grade 10. Upon successful closedown of grade 11 and grade 12 Examination by the BISE, students are awarded the Higher Secondary School Certificate (HSSC). This level of education is also called the FSc/FA or Intermediate.There are many groups that students can postulate for their 11 and 12 grades, such as pre-medical, pre-engineering, humanities and commerce. Subject Taught at Intermediate/Higher Secondary Level of Education At Intermediate level each group consis ts of three elective and as well as three compulsory subject of English, Urdu, Islamiyat(grade 11 only) and Pakistan Studies (Grade 12 only). 6)University Level of Education (Undergraduate and Graduate degree) After earning HSSC (Higher Secondary School Certificate), students may think over in a professional college/University for Bachelors degree courses such as engineering (B.Engg/BS Engg), medicinal drug (MBBS), dentistry (BDS), veterinary medicine (DVM), law (LLB), architecture (B. Arch), pharmaceutics (Pharm-D) and nursing (B. Nurs).These courses require four or five years of mull over. There are some councils and boards that will compensate all the educational matters in these cases and they are known as the PMDC, Pakistan pharmacy council and Pakistan nursing council. Students can also attend a university for Bachelor of Arts (BA), Bachelor of Science (B. Sc), Bachelor of Commerce (B. Com).At university level at that place are two types of Bachelor courses in Pakistan draw out or Honors. Pass degree requires two years of study and students normally read three optional subjects (such as Chemistry or Economics) in addition to about equal number of compulsory subject such as English and Pakistan Studies. Honours degree required three or four years of study, and students normally specialize in a chosen field of study such as Microbiology (BS Hons. Microbiology). After successful completion of B. A,B.Sc, students enrolled in ascertain degree programme that require 2 years education to spoil the Master degree. Masters in Philosophy (M. Phil) is available in more or less of the subject and can be undertaken after doing Masters. Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) education is also available in selected areas and is usually pursued after earning a M. Phil degree. Students pursuing M. Phil or PhD degree must choose a special(prenominal) field and a university that is doing research work in that filed. M. Phil and PhD education in Pakistan requires minimum of 2 years of study. Dr. Qaisar Abbas Janjua M. A (Education).