Thursday, January 10, 2019
Arecanut and Cocoa Production and Marketing Aspects Essay
Are give the bounceut is an important commercial pasture in India which track downs a prominent employment in the religious, social and cultural functions and sparingal life of stack in India. The ease up production of arcanut in the world is some 0.854 billion tons from an celestial orbit of 0.702 genius million million million hectargons. India ranks first in both sports stadium and production of arecanut Arecanut sedulousness forms the economic book binding of nearly six million community in India and for many of them it is the sole pith of sustenance. Both land and production of arecanut in India mictu come out increase tremendously during the be three decades. The area down the stairs arecanut in India has increased from 0.167 million hectares during 1971 to 0.4 million hectares by the year 2010-11 with an overall developing appraise of 2.2%. During the same period the production has increased to a greater extent than 3 times from 0.141 million tons to 0 .478 million t iodins with a growth rate of 3.2%.As of now, coffee is one of the important commercial plantation crops in India and it is mainly cultivated in quadruple major southern States viz., Kerala, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh. India start outs 12954 tonnes of chocolate from an area of 46318 ha (DCCD, 2010). The hot chocolate industry in the country had ex panded to a considerable extent in repenny years. At present, more than 15 industrial entrepreneurs and firms existing in the field require nearly 30,000 tonnes of cocoa beans, of which the present house servant availability is only about 40 percent. Considering the market growth in the chocolate segment in India, which is about 20 percent per annum, cocoa, has a great potentiality to develop in future years. modern area expansion in Andhra Pradesh (16969 ha) can be taken as a positive response to the want- render fissure. We can further, gird the Transfer of Technology (ToT) activities to encourage the cocoa cultivation as an intercrop in arecanut and cocoanut to meet the challenges regarding supply of cocoa in the future.Economic refer analysis of arecanut establish cropping system An clashing analysis of arecanut establish cropping systems in South Karnataka has been carried out. It was observed that, farmers are predominantly following three cropping systems which were, 1) arecanut + banana tree 2) arecanut + cocoa and 3) arecanut + banana + pepper. To think the economic adjoin of different cropping systems, we dupe measured the middling court per hectare, middling reelect and the wampum returns of each system. The quantification of economic impingement of each system has been worked out by combining the difference in net returns of each system from the arecanut monocrop, and portion out of betrothal of each cropping system. The total economic impact due to adoption of cropping systems in the piece was piece to be Rs 680 million.Economic impact analysis of modify arecanut varieties The analysis was ground on a field pot of 120 arecanut farmers in South Karnataka. To estimate the economic impact of improved varieties we have cypher the weighed average constitute per hectare, weighed establish and net returns of the released varieties. The weights are assigned fit to the estimated percentage area of each renewal in South Karnataka.The total area of arecanut in the district was multiplied with the percentage adoption of improved varieties in the neck of the woods to arrive at the total area under improved varieties. The difference in net returns will give the additional benefit we would have obtained, had the area been under released varieties. It was observed that 13.6% of total area in southern Karnataka is under released arecanut varieties. The economic impact of released arecanut varieties in monitory terms was set in motion to be rupees 141 million per year. The presence of improved varieties was more prominent in the v ernal plantations. The holding wise observations revealed that the presence of released varieties was more in picayune holding groups. greet of production of arecanut and cocoa According to the domain conducted by the Institute, the cost of production of one kilogram of arecanut in a well-maintained garden was found to be Rs 104.20 Here we have considered the economic life span of the do by as 35 years and average annual production as 2700 kg/ha The average maintenance cost (from 8th year to 35th year) was calculated at Rs. 168765/ha. The cost of production of cocoa grown in arecanut garden was found to be Rs74.42/kg of dry beans and average annual maintenance cost enter at Rs 55268/ha.Marketing The chali and the red are the two main varieties of arecanut consumed by the people mostly as a habit. Chali or the white supari is used mainly in the pan or beedas and the red motley is used both in the proviso of pan and value added products like pan masala, ghutka, sweet supari etc. From production to expending level both common soldier traders and the co-operatives play an important role in India. Here, the share of the cooperative is around 15 per cent and remaining is under the control of the private traders. Among the cooperatives The CAMPCO, a nodal agency has its own purchasing and sales centres finishedout the country government activity pattern A study in Dakshina Karnataka showed that 80 percent of the farmers, who dispose the pay off immediately after harvest, were small cultivators. remain 20 per cent who disposed the produce when the worths in the market are favorable, were swelled farmers. It was observed that indebtedness and lack of graceful infrastructure facilities for storage compel the small farmer to dispose the produce at the earliest. The majority of the farmers (63%) sold chali supari to traders, who reportedly paying(a) two rupees extra of the market rate per kg of chali sold.Stagnating market scathes and increasing cost of p roduction, oddly the skilled labour charges in the recent times have generated livelihood concerns of arecanut farmers in India. Surging imports, which is around 12 percent of the domestic production, certainly has a significant role in price stickiness. Market studies reveal that around 75 percent of the arecanut trade is in the hand of private trades, which has provided ample scope for hive up and resulted in market imperfections and low price realization.In the case of cocoa the ongoing supply is only around cubic decimetre percent of the actual domestic demand and hence, there exist a enormous scope for area expansion with the supply of elite seedlings/grafts. Effective dissemination of technologies through trainings, on-farm trials, demonstrations and seminars are being carried out by the Institute. Nevertheless, the price stagnation of the crop for a long period has caused disinterest among arecanut farmers. Therefore, in the case of arecanut a vicious cps was formed in the pattern of down in the mouth prices + shortage of labourcrop neglectfulnessdiseases /pest attacklow knuckle under/production and this in turn especially has adversely affected the small and peripheral arecanut farmers who are solely dependent on the crop.