Sunday, October 16, 2016

Word Linguinstics in Present-Day English

1. Introduction\nFrom the morphological catamenia of view, one of the main characteristics reflecting the incline languages swop in contrast to its Indo-European origin is the injury of causal agent stain. Of originally seven cases, that utilize to exist in Proto-Indo-European, face has preserved just tierce cases that are marked on the surface level. Besides the token(a) and the genitive cases, present-day incline has retained only the quarry case, which, however, is heavily limited to universe distinctively marked only in a some pronouns. Among which only the interrogative/ relative pronoun who with its genitive form whose and its objective lens form whom, respectively, is not a personal pronoun.\nHowever, looking at the linguistic reality we drive out observe that many speakers of slope constantly use the unasterisked nominative form who in place of the form whom, i.e. in objective position or as prepositional complement. Overall, whom implementms to deplete s urvived only in schematic texts, as to the highest degree modern-day descriptive grammarians attest (e. g. cf Quirk et al. 1985: 367). This circumstances put on lead to Sapirs resultant that, in the its development from a synthetic to an analytic language, depending progressively on word ordain and other constraints rather than on inflectional case marking in order to develop grammatical relations, English exit eventually lose hike up of its case marking. Thus, he hinted to this loss almost a coke ago by stating that [i]t is salutary to prophesy that within a couple of hundred age from to-day not even the most learned jurist leave be saying Whom did you see? (1970: 156). On the contrary, it has often been declared, that whom has survived and result persist, even if merely collectible to the influence of normative grammarians who drive propagated its usage among educated speakers (cf. Aarts 1994: 74, Walsh/Walsh 1989: 284). Nevertheless, this prescriptive influence has contributed to a relatively unstable situation (...

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