Bosnia-Herzegovina is a mountainous country about a deuce-ace the size of England. It lies next to the Adriatic Sea, to the south of Croatia and west of Serbia. Its population is brush off than half that of London. Bosnia was part of the Ottoman (Turkish) conglomerate until 1878 and then of the Austro-Hungarian conglomerate until the First World War. After the war it was united with antithetic Slav territories to form Yugoslavia, essentially moldd and run by Serbs from the Serbian capital, Belgrade. By 1980 the population of Bosnia consisted of 1.3m Bosnian Serbs (Orthodox Catholic Christians), everyplace 1m Bosniaks (Sunni Muslim), and 0.7m Bosnian Croats (Roman Catholic Christians), all with strong historical and local anesthetic(a) claims to a homeland there. In 1980 Yugoslavias communist president Tito died. His control had held the federation together. Now Croats and Bosniaks began to look for indep wipeoutence, and Serbian nationalism, never dead, took on a new lease of life from 1987 when Slobodan Milosevic became Serbias leader (and thusly effectively Yugoslavias as well). He encouraged Serb nationalism not only at home but also in the other republics where there were large Serb communities.
Elections in 1990 brought nationalists to power in Croatia and Slovenia, which, together with Macedonia, declared indep residualence in 1991 and were all regard as internationally. Alija Izetbegovic, the leader of Bosnias multi-ethnic government, called for independence for Bosnia, too; it was recognised as independent by the USA and the EU in 1992. Bosnias Serbs, however, werent prospered: they saw themselves and ! the land they lived on as part of Milosevics Greater Serbia. The Yugoslav Army (mainly Serb) had just ended a years fierce argufy with Croatia in an attempt to hang on to Serb communities there. Now it dark its attention to Bosnia, whose forces were restricted by an arms embargo because of modern violence in Bosnian Croatian territory. By the end of 1993 the Serbs (led by Radovan Karadzic) had set up...If you want to get a replete essay, order it on our website: OrderCustomPaper.com
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