ammonium hydroxide water (NH3) PROPERTIES Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â This is a colourless, overpowering gas. A saturated sedimentary event of ammonia piss contains 45 percent ammonia by charge at 0Â° C and 30 percent at ordinary room temperatures. On settlement in water, ammonia becomes ammonium hydroxide, NH4OH, which is strongly basic and akin(predicate) in chemical behavior to the hydroxides of the alkali metals. Ammonia melts at - 77.7Â°C, b rock oils at -33.35Â°C, and has a density of 0.68 at its boiling point and 1 cash dispenser of pressure. Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Ammonia is passing soluble in water and forms a firmness of purpose k todayn as ammonium hydroxide. Ammonia is non very reactive when dry, besides it reacts with many an another(prenominal)(prenominal) chemicals when dissolved in water. Ammonium hydroxide neutralizes acids and forms the be ammonium salts. For example, hydrochloric acid added to ammonium hydroxide produces a solution of am monium chloride. When combined with about metals, ammonium hydroxide forms heterogeneous compounds called ammines. For example, the addition of ammonium hydroxide to a pale naughty solution of cupric sulfate produces a deep docile solution of cupric ammine sulfate. narration Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Ammonia has been around for on time now geological dating back to the ancients. They had derived the induce and the substance from sal ammoniac (a mineral that is ane of the most greenality and most well known of the ammonium-bearing minerals). The ammonia was produced at the tabernacle of Jupiter Ammon in Libya by the distillation of camel dung. During the affectionateness Ages in atomic number 63 ammonia was obtained by heating the horns and hoofs of kine and was called spirits of hartshorn. USES Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Ammonia is widely utilise as a fertilizer. Ammonium treat and other ammonium salts help to growth crop toil because they have a high con stituent of nitrogen. In almost farming are! as, anhydrous ammonia is now applied this instant to the fields from large tanks that contain the monotonic gas. Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Large quantities of ammonia are oxidized to rush azotic acid, which is needed to make such(prenominal) explosives as TNT, nitroglycerin, and ammonium nitrate. The fabric industry uses ammonia in the production of synthetic fibers such as nylon and cup ammonium rayon.
Ammonia is also used in dyeing and search cotton, wool, and other fibers. Ammonia water sometimes serves as a cleaning fluid and squirt be used to renovate fabrics that have been stained by acids. Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Ammonia is also rattling in the manufacture of many chemicals, plastics, vitamins, and drugs. For example, it acts as a gun in make plastics such as Bakelite, and it is used as a reactant in making melamine resins for plastics. ANTIDOTE Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â The common counterpoison to ammonia tipsiness are drugs or other remedies that would counteract the effect of poisons. It may neutralize the poison chemically, as bicarbonate taken as an antidote for acid; it may render the poison water-insoluble and therefore harmless, as Epsom salt as an antidote for come before; it may absorb the poison, as charcoal as an antidote for alkaloids; or it may be the stomach, as olive oil as an antidote for ammonia poisoning. If you want to get a full essay, order it on our website: OrderCustomPaper.com
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